Intelligence »

  • Linguistic Intelligence

    "Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to use language, your native language, and perhaps other languages, to express what's on your mind and to understand other people. Poets really specialize in linguistic intelligence, but any kind of writer, orator, speaker, lawyer, or a person for whom language is an important stock in trade highlights linguistic intelligences." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, Sept. p. 12)

  • Musical Intelligence

    "Musical intelligence is the capacity to think in music, to be able to hear patterns, recognize them, remember them, and perhaps manipulate them.  People who have a strong musical intelligence don't just remember music easily - they can't get it out of their minds, it's so omnipresent.  Now, some people will say, `Yes, music is important, but it's a talent, not an intelligence.'  And I say, `Fine, let's call it a talent.'  But, then we have to leave the word intelligent out of all discussions of human abilities.  You know, Mozart was damn smart!" -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

    "Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is the capacity to use your whole body or parts of your body - your hand, your fingers, your arms - to solve a problem, make something, or put on some kind of a production.  The most evident examples are people in athletics or the performing arts, particularly dance or acting." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Spatial Intelligence

    "Spatial intelligence refers to the ability to represent the spatial world internally in your mind - the way a sailor or airplane pilot navigates the large spatial world, or the way a chess player or sculptor represents a more circumscribed spatial world.  Spatial intelligence can be used in the arts or in the sciences.  If you are spatially intelligent and oriented toward the arts, you are more likely to become a painter or a sculptor or an architect than, say, a musician or a writer.  Similarly, certain sciences like anatomy or topology emphasize spatial intelligence."  -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Interpersonal Intelligence

    "Interpersonal intelligence is understanding other people.  It's an ability we all need, but is at a premium if you are a teacher, clinician, salesperson, or politician.  Anybody who deals with other people has to be skilled in the interpersonal sphere." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Logical-Mathematical Intelligence

    "People with highly developed logical-mathematical intelligence understand the  underlying principles of some kind of a causal system, the way a scientist or a logician does; or can manipulate numbers, quantities, and operations, the way a mathematician does." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Intrapersonal Intelligence

    "Intrapersonal intelligence refers to having an understanding of yourself, of knowing who you are, what you can do, what you want to do, how you react to things, which things to avoid, and which things to gravitate toward. We are drawn to people who have a good understanding of themselves because those people tend not to screw up. They tend to know what they can do. They tend to know what they can't do.  And they tend to know where to go if they need help." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)

  • Naturalist Intelligence

    "Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations).  This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherers, and farmers; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef.  I also speculate that much of our consumer society exploits the naturalist intelligences, which can be mobilized in the discrimination among cars, sneakers, kinds of makeup, and the like.  The kind of pattern recognition valued in certain of the sciences may also draw upon naturalist intelligence." -- Howard Gardner (Checkley, 1997, p. 12)